Obey Traffic Signs and Signals
Bicycles must drive like other vehicles if they are to be taken seriously by motorists.
Follow Lane Markings
Don't turn left from the right lane. Don't go straight in a
lane marked "right-turn only."
Never Ride Against TrafficMotorists aren't looking for bicyclists riding on the
wrong side of the road.
Choose the Best Way to Turn LeftThere are two ways to make a left
turn: (1) Like an auto:signal, move into left turn lane, and turn left; (2) Like a pedestrian: ride straight to
the far-side crosswalk, and walk your bike across.
Hand signals tell motorists and pedestrians what you intend to do. Signal as a matter of law, of courtesy and of self-protection.
Don't Pass on the Right
Motorists may not look for or see a bicycle passing on the right. Learn to scan the road behind you while riding. Look back over your shoulder without swerving to the left, or use a rear-view mirror.
Don't Weave Between Parked Cars
Don't ride out to the curb between parked cars unless they are far apart. Motorists may not see you when you try to move back into traffic.
Make Eye Contact with Drivers
Assume that other drivers don't see you until you are sure that they do. Eye contact is important with any driver which might pose a threat to your safety.
Ride in Middle of Lane in Slow Traffic
Get in the middle of the lane at busy intersections and whenever you are moving at the same speed as traffic.
Scan the Road Behind
Learn to look back over your shoulder without losing your balance or swerving. Some riders use rear-view mirrors.
Avoid Road Hazards
Watch out for parallel-slat sewer grates, gravel, ice or debris. Cross railroad tracks at right angles.
In rain wear a poncho or waterproof suit. Generally dress in layers so you can adjust to temperature changes. Wear a sturdy helmet to protect your head. Wear bright-colored clothing to make you more visible to motorists.
Keep Both Hands Ready to Brake
You may not stop in time if you brake one-handed. Allow extra distance for stopping in the rain, since brakes are less efficient when wet.
Keep Bike in Good Repair
Adjust your bike to fit you and keep it working properly. Check brakes and tires regularly. Routine maintenance is simple and you can learn to do it yourself.
Use Lights at Night
The law requires a white headlight (visible from at least 500 feet ahead) and a red rear reflector (visible up to 300 feet from behind).
Never Ride with Headphones; Wear a Helmet
Never wear headphones while riding a bike. Always wear a helmet.